Banner of the STS-42

Mission Description

Patch STS-42

Patch STS-42
(Credit: Canadian Space Agency)

Text description of image


Date: January 22, 1992

Time: 9:52:33 a.m. EST

Site: Kennedy Space Center (KSC)


Date: January 30, 1992

Time: 8:07:17 a.m. PST

Site: Edwards Air Force Base

Mission Duration: 8 days 1 h 14 min 44 s

Flight Number: STS-42

Orbiter Vehicle: Discovery

Material and life sciences experiments

January 22 to 30, 1992

Dr. Roberta Bondar became Canada’s second astronaut in space when she participated in the first International Microgravity Laboratory (IML)-I mission on board Space Shuttle Discovery. The laboratory was used on several shuttle flights, including but not limited to the IML series of missions.

Spacelab is a fully equipped space laboratory developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) as its contribution to the Space shuttle Program.

Spacelab has been used in previous shuttle flights, and will be used for the IML series as well as other scientific missions.

The STS-042 Mission featured experiments that focused on physiological changes in the weightless environment. Subjects of study included: eye motion and the inner ear; the elongation of the spine and back pain; energy expenditure during a spaceflight; the nervous system and changes in the balance system; the separation of certain kinds of molecules and cells from complex mixtures; and finally, the after-effects of spaceflight.

Mission STS-42 Crew (Credit: NASA)

Mission STS-42 Crew

From left to right.
Stephen S. Oswald, Roberta L. Bondar, Norman E. Thagard, Ronald J. Grabe, David C. Hilmers, Ulf D. Merbold and William F. Readdy.